The agriculture sector remains a leading national development way forward direction. The sector will continue becoming the main source of food, income and means employment for the vast majority of the population and demanding sector of technological supportive products. Inappropriate agricultural practices make worse environmental degradation and contribute to increase climate uncertainty.
As well perceived from the setting of the national food security strategy, smallholder agriculture will drive the economic growth. In most out skirts of towns and the emerging demands from the community is urging a well-organized enter-feeding and interdependent strategic direction. Various stable windows of opportunities on productions and productivities, sustainability of marketing and demands from the communities are suitable environments that are available to venture on.
As of 2018, ECC-SDCBOM, has 9 projects under Agriculture and Food Security Department
which mainly focuses on: -enhance the resilient, improve sustainable wellbeing targeted community and ensure sustainable land management in its targeted area.The projects targeted more than 171 thousand HHs and plan to invest more than Birr 700 million . The projects are discussed her under in a brief way.
Recurrent drought, along with environmental degradation, diminishing land-size due to high population growth, lack of improved agriculture technologies, high incidence of disease and low education levels, especially for women, contribute to and perpetuate chronic rural food insecurity in Ethiopia in general and the project operational districts in particular. In 2005,the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) initiated PSNP in chronically food insecure districts, providing resource transfers that mitigated the catastrophic effects of 30 years ago; but PSNP has not succeeded in significantly reducing vulnerability and lifting people out of poverty.
With the support of USAID/FFP & CRS, ECC-SDCBOM launched PSNP IV in 2016 which extend to September 30, 2021, offers a more holistic approach to increasing resilience. For the whole project life, the program targeted 72,638 (males 37,410, & Females 35,228) direct clients with the total budget of more than 435.3 million Ethiopian Birr .The program is implementing in four districts (Zeway Dugda 21 kebeles, Negelle Arsi 14 kebeles, Heben /Arsi 4 Kebeles & Shalla 31 Kebeles) in two zones (Arsi & West Arsi).of Oromia Regional State.
LRO is a five-years (February 1, 2017 to January 31, 2022.) USAID-funded program that aims to support the livelihood options of chronically food insecure households in Oromia region. The program has targeted to assist 24,500 households with a total budget of Birr 127,884,768.79 having the goal to contribute the PSNP households to improve their sustainable economic well-being in rural targeted districts and graduate 75% of the target HHs from PSNP by capacitating HHs to become resilient during different shock through on and off farm and gainful employment.
The program is implemented in three zone of Oromia regional state along the great rift valley. Arsi Zone (Sire,Dodota and Ziway dugda),West Arsi (Siraro,Shalla,Negele Arsi and Heben Arsi) and East Shao (Boset and Adami Tulu Jiddo Kombolcha)
Sustainable Livelihood Security Project/SLSP/ is one of the food security projects which is implemented by ECC-SDCBOM with the fund from Caritas Austria and Co-financed by the Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC) for five years (1st October, 2016- 30th Sept 2021) with the total fund of 16,363,632.00 ETB. The overall objective of the project is to enhance the livelihood security and diversification of income of the most vulnerable rural households (12,600 direct clients and 48, 648 indirect clients) of targeted areas: ATJK, Bora & Dugda Districts of East Shoa Zone Oromia Region. It has two strategic objectives: Improving the food security situation of 1,800 poor rural households and improving the nutrition situation of at least 300 children of the poor rural households.
The project aims to assist targeted households boost their agricultural production and enhance livelihood security at household and community levels by: providing different agricultural inputs, promoting/adopting new technologies (PICS Bags and , assisting women to secure income through their own efforts, and capacitating formal CBOs or legal entities like efficient fuel saving stove producers, apiculture groups as well as informal groups with no legal status like saving and internal lending communities (SILC).
Saving and Internal Lending Community (SILC) is an informal saving group which is initiated by the organization as to enable rural poor households, especially women access financial loan for their immediate home related consumptions and increase their asset building. It became an entry point of any service in the project that all the clients of the project are expected to be organized in one of their respective SILC group in their kebele.This enabled the household access informal and internal loan group which is supported by their own saving. With this end, the households are able to develop their saving culture better that previous experience in their life, create strong social bond among their group members (solidarity) & raise their psychological status among the community they dwell in. As a result, the project is able to establish seventy-one SILC groups with the members of one thousand nine hundred seventeen, 1917 (910 M & 9007 F) in all it targeted kebeles.